International Journal of Social Science and Economics Invention 2018-05-24T08:32:35+00:00 International Scientific Invention Journals Open Journal Systems <table style="font-weight: 400;"> <tbody> <tr> <td><strong>&nbsp;International Journal of Science and Engineering Invention (IJSEI)&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;ICV 2016: 80.77</strong></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>The International Journal of Science and Engineering Invention-IJSEI</strong>&nbsp;is a blind peer-reviewed, scholarly journal devoted to publishing high-quality papers in the fields of Computing, Engineering, Information Technology and Sciences. IJSEI a research journal of international repute, is a notable and distinguish platform to publish quality research papers.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The cutting edge invention features dwell with the advance approach makes it futuristic creative publishers helping scientists to expand in their respective research areas profoundly. IJSEI is Refereed International Journal publishing paper that emphasizes research, development and application within the fields of new engineering and technology. IJSEI covers all areas of Engineering and Technology, publishing original research articles. IJSEI reviews papers within approximately one week of submission and publishes accepted articles on the internet immediately upon receiving the final versions.</p> Dimensions of Rural Wage Employment in India 2018-05-24T08:06:46+00:00 Dr. Honrao Parmeshwar M. <p>This paper Analytical examined the rural wage employment and it is various dimensions focus on rural wage employment covering various dimensions including the organized and unorganized employment, skilled and unskilled employment and increasing casulisation of labour. The researcher looked at non-farm livelihoods in general in the rural areas. The evaluated results lead to conclude the informal economy represents the main source of employment creation and income generation for the labour force in rural areas.</p> 2016-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Overall Consequences of Global Crisis 2018-05-24T08:11:36+00:00 Pritam Chatterjee <p>The world economy started slowing down since the third quarter of 2008 leading to economic crises worldwide. GDP declined from an average growth of 3 per cent during 2003-2007 to 1.5 per cent during 2008-2012. The decline of world GDP growth was the sharpest at 42 per cent during the third quarter of 2008 to the second quarter of 2009. Not only capital inflows to developing and emerging market economies declined during this period, there has been significant shrinking of markets for developing country exports. This paper determines overall consequences and its policy implications of Global Crisis. Time period is 2003-2012, from these 2003-2007 is the pre crisis and 2008-2012 is the post crisis period. JEL CLASSIFICATIONS-, F1, F6</p> 2016-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Expanding Role and Functions of the EC/EU a Study of Post-Cold War Period 2018-05-24T08:24:02+00:00 Madan Meher <p>The European Union (EU) is formally known as the European Community (EC) which had origin in the post-World War-II to bring stability in Europe. It is regarded as a political and economic organization with keeping only European countries as its member states. During the Cold War period, the EC/EU's role was to bring economic integration and political stability in the Europe. But, in the post-Cold War period or after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, it has been expanded its role and functions to other areas such as peacekeeping and crisis management operations, fight against growing challenges such as terrorism, Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), narcotic drugs and to establish peace and stability in the crisis region etc. The study throws light on expansion of its institutional structures, promoting and strengthening democracy among its member states and also addresses on how it enlarges of its membership to Eastern-European countries. At the end of the study it highlights on 'out of area' operation of the EU and what challenges are coming towards that operation.</p> 2016-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Girls’ Education: Persistence of Gender Inequalities in Schools 2018-05-24T08:32:35+00:00 Magwa Simuforosa Chingombe Shamiso <p>Education is an enabling and transformative right.Education of the girl child has been a focus of many national and international initiatives specifically because girls constitute the largest group excluded from education in general and from quality education in particular. Gender inequalities still remain in education systems. This qualitative study set to investigate the obstacles girls face in receiving an equitable education. The study was based on Bandura’s social learning theory.The research study adopted a case study design with a purposive sample of 4 school heads, 40 teachers and 24 students Masvingo district secondary schools. Ethical considerations were observed by the researchers. Data was collected through questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions. Collected data was analysed manually through hand-coding and categorising ideas that eventually formed themes to this research study. The study established that the perception that subjects can be categorised into boys’ and girls’ subjects still prevails. Many teachers either consciously or unconsciously perpetuate this stereotype when advising and interacting with pupils. Another finding is that gender inequalities in education are reinforced by textbooks which are mostly written from a male perspective and trivialising women. Sex distribution of teachers was also found to reinforce gender inequalities. In view of this, the study recommends that girls need to be invited to participate in career days to encourage them to consider careers in Science subjects. Revisions of textbooks need to be done to increase representation of women. There should be more gender sensitive courses in schools that assist both girls and boys to develop new orientations about the capabilities of both girls and boys.</p> 2016-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##